The Norwegian Mapping Authority has been involved in continuous support to Moldova since 2006.
Real estate registration system
ALRC was using a property registration system which was established in 1990 to serve the land reform and initial land privatization in Moldova. The registration system became obsolete by 2012. It did not provide satisfactory security, and electronic access to information was limited to a few professional users only. Considering the growing need for up-to-date real estate information for land management, taxation and for several other matters in public and private sectors, ALRC/CADASTRU wanted to improving the IT solution for real estate registration.
The purpose of the Project is to introduce an improved IT solution for registration of ownership and other rights in land, ensuring better services to users of registration and improved public access to property information, as outlined in the e-Government plan for Moldova.
The project consists of three main activities:
- Support from the Norwegian Mapping Authority: The Norwegian Mapping Authority provides project supervision and technical assistance to the system design, development of ICT strategy, technical requirements and specification for procurements, and quality control and assurance of deliveries and installations.
- Preparation of an overall ICT strategy for real estate registration (CADASTRU): The ICT strategy will facilitate the design and development of the system requirements, technical specifications and tender documents for the System procurements.
- Development and implementation of a new Real Estate Registration System: Real estate information is an important component of a National Spatial Data Infrastructure, which Moldova will establish in conformity with the EU Inspire program for sharing and exchange of geographic data nationally and across national borders. The new IT solution for real estate registration will facilitate integrated access to a wide range of geographic information from various sources using web service; it will also be centralized. Local registration offices and external users will access the Central Database via Internet.
Real estate orthophotos ('Moldphoto')
The MOLDPHOTO project goal is to prepare up to date photomaps for the entire territory of Moldova, to support efficient, secure and transparent real estate registration and to provide access to geographic information throughout Moldova.
In July 2014, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs has decided to support Moldova with a next generation of orthophoto maps covering the whole country. A Belgian company CICADE, with a French company IMAO as a sub-contractor, was awarded the contract. Completing a tender competition the contract for production of a new generation orthophoto was signed in Chisinau, Moldova on 22 January 2015.
The Norwegian Mapping Authority has been involved in the continuous support to Moldova since 2006.
In 2007, a similar project has resulted inter alia in much-needed photomaps that were made available to public via a web-portal. At that time, the only existing maps in Moldova were 20-30 years old. Needless to say that the new maps had a significant impact on the quality of public services providing access to up-to-date geographic information and supporting efficient, secure and transparent real estate registration. Decision-makers at all levels of public administration have received a useful tool for their daily work. Citizens could find their homes and parcels on the photomaps.
Aerial photography will be executed in spring 2015 and 2016 depending on the favourable weather. A new generation of orthophoto will be used in the new property registration system MOLDLIS, which is currently under development in Moldova. This project is also funded by a Norwegian grant and implemented in parallel with the Orthophoto component.
The project consists of three main activities:
- Technical assistance from the Norwegian Mapping Authority: The Norwegian Mapping Authority will provide project supervision and technical assistance in the preparation of technical requirements for procurements and quality control of the deliverables.
- Data capture and photomaps delivery
- Public awareness campaign
The project focuses on preparation of large-scale topographic (line) maps for the entire territory of Moldova, including Transnistria. It builds on the results of 'Moldphoto'. Photomaps are useful for many purposes, but traditional line maps in digital form are also needed for many different usages in public and in private sectors. All developed states are producing both photomaps and topographic maps. Topographic maps were produced for 6000 sq. km., or 17 % of Moldova in 2011-12 in a Norwegian funded project, but large-scale topographic maps were lacking for the rest of the country.
It was therefore proposed to produce large-scale topographic maps for the remaining 28000 sq.km, to enhance the quality of first registration of privatized properties, of which 25% remained to register at the time of project initiation. Up-to-data maps are needed for achieving many of the goals set forward in the Moldavian Government's Development Strategy for economic growth and poverty reduction (Moldova 2020). Maps are especially needed for planning and execution of road projects (strategic goal 2); for improving the business climate, inter alia, by applying information technologies in public services for businesses and citizens (strategic goal 4); for increasing the quality and efficiency of justice and fighting corruption in order to ensure equitable access to public good for all citizens (strategic goal 7). In addition, maps are indispensable for sustainable land management and for environmental protection, as well as for planning and execution of projects in the energy sector, to name some key usages of line maps.
Topographic maps are produced from aerial images. Such images were produced during 2015-16 in the Norwegian-funded 'moldphoto' project. It is a big saving in using the same aerial images to produce topographic maps as well, and it is beneficial for the preparation of topographic maps that the aerial images are as fresh as possible. In addition, a digital terrain model was produced and used to prepare the contour lines for the topographic maps.
Modern topographic maps are electronic data in vector form. Printed maps is only one product, which can be derived from the topographic data. Professional users in public and private sectors will use the electronic maps in computer applications, such as in Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and even on tablets and mobile phones.
Topographic data in electronic form are used in a wide range of applications, such as registration of property, planning and execution of infrastructure improvements, land use planning and land management, property taxation and for management of addresses, which, inter alia, are needed for civil registration and elections. The topographic data will be available on Internet, and when requested in combination with photomaps and thematic data on soil, land use etc. Topographic maps are a fundament for national spatial data infrastructures (NSDI), which all EU member states are obliged to produce in accordance with the EU Inspire directive. Also applicant states should adhere to the Inspire directive.
Preparation of large-scale topographic maps for Moldova involved the following main activities:
1. Preparation of specifications for the topographic data and database
2. Tender for the production of topographic data based on existing aerial images
3. Quality control of produced data
4. Ensuring safe storage and efficient distribution of the data, in various ways and forms, including via a geoportal
More detailed maps at a scale 1:2000 for estimated 1000 sq. km. urban areas will be produced, and less detailed maps at a scale 1:5000 for rural areas of 27000 sq. km. However, being electronic data, the maps can be displayed in "any" scale.