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Miscellaneous Notices to Mariners

7 Information from the Norwegian Coastal Administration

The Norwegian Coastal Administration (NCA) is managed by the Coastal Director and head office of the agency. The regions perform operational tasks and shared task on behalf of Coastal Director. NCA has eight operating units: five regions, shipping, emergency centre and head office.

Read more about the Norwegian Coastal Administration at kystverket.no.

7.1 Norwegian List of Lights

The latest issue of the Norwegian list of lights (Fyrlisten) was issued in 2016 and supersedes all previous editions.

A digital version of the Norwegian list of lights is updated every morning. You can download the continuously updated Norwegian list of lights as a pdf at kystverket.no.

The Norwegian list of lights (Fyrlisten) describes maritime navigation marks which emit light signals on land and at sea, as well as information about other aids to navigation.

7.2 Buoys and Beacons

Most of the navigation aids along the coast are automated and without security. It is therefore essential that seafarers notify Norwegian Coastal Agency (NCA) of irregularities in navigation systems. Other acute and/or unexpected events that may be of danger to shipping must also be reported.

Examples of acute and/or unexpected events are drifting objects, undecended high voltage cable, stranded ships, sunk ships and drifting gear. Message is sent to the National Coordinator for navigational warnings (NAVCO).

Mariners are advised that beacons must not be used for mooring. This can cause the beacon becomes damaged or out of position.

7.3 Racon

A modern Racon normally respond to both "X" and "S" frequency band radars. The range is dependent on the elevation of the radar antenna and of the transponder. Response intervals will vary depending on the characteristics of the racon. For example 18/30s means that the racon will respond for 18 seconds, and be nonresponsive for 12 seconds every 30 seconds.

A list of Racons on the Norwegian coast can be found in the Norwegian List of Lights. Please report any discrepancies to NAVCO.

7.4 Floodlights (IB)

Floodlight has a steady yellow or white light that illuminate an area. This area can be an odd, rock, pier head, bridge piers or structure as a lantern is equipped.

The purpose of the diffuser is to provide the crew a certain effect of navigation at day, where one can better see and judge the distance to a restricted area and also see an illuminated daymark even though it is dark. Often this amplified using reflectors and/or white colour.

7.5 NCA Maintenance Vessels

To be able to perform their work, it is sometimes necessary for the Norwegian Coastal Administration's maintenance vessels to moor beside navigational aids. During these operations, these maintenance vessels will have restricted ability to maneuver, and the crew may be conducting dangerous operations.

In order to avoid injury and damage, other vessels are requested to give these maintenance vessels as wide a berth as possible when passing them and to reduce speed accordingly.

7.6 Navigational warning system (NAVCO)

The navigational warnings are transmitted over the coastal radio by telephony and NAVTEX, and they provide mariners with notices of incidents/conditions that are hazardous to shipping.

7.6.1 Report Irregularities and Obstructions to NAVCO

Many of the navigational aids along the coast are automated and unmanned. It is therefore important that mariners notify the Norwegian Coastal Administration of any irregularities in the navigational installations.

Other acute and/or unexpected incidents that may be hazardous to shipping must also be reported. Examples of acute and/or unexpected incidents are drifting debris, fallen high voltage cables, grounded vessels, sunken vessels and drifting fishing equipment.

Reports shall be sent to the national navigational warning system (NAVCO):

Tel.: 22 42 23 31 (24 hrs.)
Fax: 22 41 04 91 (24 hrs.)
E-mail: navco@kystverket.no

7.6.2 Aktive navigasjonsvarsel

Kystverket tilbyr navigasjonsvarsler om forhold på sjøen med innvirkning på navigasjon for sjøfarende.

7.6.3 Generelle navigasjonsvarsler

Norge er gjennom Kystverket med i et internasjonalt samarbeid om navigasjonsvarsler. GMDSS (Global Maritime Distress and Safety System) skal sikre skipsfarten informasjon og kommunikasjon om nødssituasjoner og sikkerhet til sjøs. GMDSS omfatter blant annet sikkerhetsmeldinger, deriblant navigasjonsvarsler WWNWS (World-Wide Navigational Warning Service).

WWNWS administreres av FNs sjøfartsorganisasjon IMO (International Maritime Organization). IMO regulerer hele varslingstjenesten, både med hensyn på hvilke uregelmessigheter eller hendelser som skal varsles, type varsel og varselets utforming.

Navigasjonsvarslingstjenesten (WWNWS) omfatter:

  • NAVAREA varsel (Warning) SafetyNet på satellitt (INMARSAT).
  • Kystvarsel (Coastal Warning), NAVTEX 518 KHz og Telefoni.
  • Lokalvarsel (Local Warning), NAVTEX 490 KHz og Telefoni.
  • NAVAREA varsler (Warning).
  • NAVAREA havvarsel. Navigasjonsvarsel som kun har betydning for havgående fartøy.

Disse varslene sendes ut over satellitt (Safetynet) på engelsk. For det norske NAVAREA sørger NAVCO for at innholdet i varselet videresendes til Storbritannia (United Kingdom), som er områdekoordinator for Navarea-1. Storbritannia utsteder alle NAVAREA varsler i NAVAREA-1 på forespørsel fra nasjonale koordinatorer i området.

7.6.4 Kystvarsel (Coastal Warning)

Kystvarsel (Coastal Warning) er et navigasjonsvarsel som har betydning for trafikk langs norskekysten og i fjorder.

Varslene sendes ut over Navtex på engelsk og på telefoni fra kystradiostasjonene på norsk og engelsk. Nasjonal koordinator (NAVCO) utsteder norske kystvarsler. Det er strenge retningslinjer for hva som kommer innenfor kategorien kystvarsler. Hendelsen skal være av plutselig karakter og til fare for skipsfarten.

Planlagte og ikke-akutte hendelser skal varsles gjennom Etterretninger for sjøfarende (Efs).

Hendelser som ikke er til fare for skipsfarten, men som er til fare for annen konstruksjon eller liv og helse, skal eventuelt varsles gjennom Efs. Det utstedes ikke varsel for slike hendelser utenom i særlige tilfeller.

7.6.5 Lokalvarsel (Local Warning)

Lokalvarsel (Local Warnings) er navigasjonsvarsel som kun har betydning for små fartøyer, i områder utenfor ledene eller varsler som ikke kommer inn under kategorien kystvarsel (Coastal Warning), grunnet kravet om at hendelsen skal være til fare for sjøfarten og av plutselig karakter.

Dykkerarbeid er eksempelvis ikke til fare for sjøfarten, men dykkeren kan være utsatt for fare dersom dykkstedet trafikkeres av fartøy.

Lokalvarsel (Local Warning) på 490 KHz er ikke igangsatt i Norge (heller ikke i Danmark eller Sverige), men er benyttet i blant annet i Storbritannia (UK), Tyskland, Frankrike, Portugal og Island. Kystradioen i Norge har imidlertid registrert seg og fått tildelt sendekoder. Det er allerede i dag Navtex-mottakere på markedet som tar begge frekvensene, 518 og 490 KHz. Som et prøveprosjekt utstedes nå lokalvarsel for telefoni i særlige tilfeller.

Lokalvarsler utstedes av Nasjonal koordinator (NAVCO) i vanlig kontortid.

7.6.6 Navarea

Navarea-1 er oppdelt i områder som dekkes av en Navtex-sender. Norge har fem Navtex-områder som dekkes av følgende stasjoner: Svalbard (A), Vardø (V), Bodø (B), Ørlandet (N) og Rogaland (L).

7.7 Vessel Traffic Services

The VTS contact information is listed at the Norwegian Coastal Administration's website, kystverket.no: kystverket.no/en/EN_Maritime-Services/Vessel-Traffic-Service/VTS-Contact-Information/

Norway operates five Vessel Traffic Service Centres through the Norwegian Coastal Administration. These cover ship traffic along the Norwegian coast.

VTS Centres

  • Fedje VTS
  • Kvitsøy VTS
  • Brevik VTS
  • Horten VTS
  • Vardø VTS

Read and download the document "Regulations relating to maritime traffic in specific waters" (English translation) at kystverket.no, kystverket.no/en/EN_Maritime-Services/Vessel-Traffic-Service/VTS-Services/.

Read the regulations relating to maritime traffic in specific waters, Sjøtrafikkforskriften, in Norwegian at lovdata.no.

7.8 Pilot Boarding

The Norwegian Coastal Administration is responsible for the state pilotage service.

Pilot bookings are made electronically in the SafeSeaNet Norway messaging service on www.shiprep.no.

For more information about the Norwegian pilot services, visit the Norwegian Coastal Administration's website kystverket.no.

See an overview of Norwegian pilot boarding areas at lovdata.no.

The Pilotage Act

The Compulsory Pilotage Regulations stipulate which vessels are subject to compulsory pilotage and the waters where the requirement applies. The compulsory pilotage requirement can be met by either employing a pilot or by use of a Pilot Exemption Certificate.

The general rule is that all vessels with a length of 70 metres or more are subject to compulsory pilotage when operating in waters within the baselines. Certain areas are nevertheless exempt from compulsory pilotage for vessels in transit to or from the pilot boarding area. For certain categories of vessels stricter rules apply, such as passenger vessels and vessels carrying dangerous and polluting cargo.

The Pilotage Act applies to Norwegian internal waters and the territorial sea, and it has also been made applicable to Svalbard.

Download the documents "Compulsory Pilotage Regulations – unofficial translation" and "Pilotage Act – unofficial translation" at kystverket.no.

Read the Pilotage Act, lospliktforskriften, in Norwegian at lovdata.no.

7.9 Ice Service

The Norwegian Coastal Administration provides the national Ice Service, which has two main tasks:

  • Provide ship traffic with updated information on ice conditions in Norwegian waters from the Swedish border to Kristiansand.
  • Icebreaking in main and secondary fairways outside port areas.

Ice reports are available from December 1 to March 31.

More information about the Norwegian ice service is available at kystverket.no.

7.10 SafeSeaNet Norway– General User Information

SafeSeaNet Norway (SSN)  is Norway's Single Window portal for ship reporting. This is a messaging service for ships arriving and departing Norwegian ports. The service is operated by the Norwegian Coastal Administration.

For supplementary information visit the Norwegian Coastal Administration's website kystverket.no.

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